New Lawsuit Set Precedent For LGBTQ+ Protections In Latin America

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans people can rejoice as a lawsuit set precedent for LGBTQ protections in South America.

LGBTQ rights in South America are a major topic of discussion these days. A recent lawsuit filed in Honduras set precedent for LGBTQ protections throughout the region. The case was being heard by the Inter-American tribunal and was their first ruling on transphobic and LGBTQphobic violence against a person within its jurisdiction. This trial had many people watching to see if it will have ramifications for other countries in the area like Mexico, Brazil, or Colombia, who all share this tribunal’s jurisdiction.

Vicky Hernández

All began with a horrific tragedy that occurred back in 2009 when Vicky Hernández, a trans woman and activist, was shot to death during Honduras’ coup d’état.

Vicky Hernández is a transgender woman who was murdered.

Vicky Hernández

After she was murdered, the LGBTQ community faced a wave of attacks over the next few months.

Many were killed

Some organizations estimate that over 370 LGBTQ people died in Honduras in the last decade alone.

According to Sin Violencia, an LGBTQ rights organization in South America, almost 500 transgender women were murdered between 2014 and 2019.

The good news here, if I may say so, is the trial on Vicky’s case has the potential to set new rules.

Who's responsible?

You know, local governments are responsible for killing these people.

They didn’t do any proper investigation. They didn’t run forensic tests, and nobody knows if they performed an autopsy on Vicky’s body to find out what happened.

Two witnesses disappeared

Two trans women saw a police car around Hernández before she went missing. They couldn’t help but wonder if she was murdered by those state agents. They both saw what happened, and both are no longer there to talk about it. Both were murdered.

For years, the community has been waiting for justice.

There are so many families experiencing this same pain who aren’t being heard. We can only hope that this trial brings some sort of relief.

The Inter-American Court Of Human Rights was set to rule on a trans femicide case for the first time

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) is “one of three regional human rights tribunals, together with the European Court of Human Rights and the African Court of Human and People's Rights,” as explained on its website.

“It is an autonomous legal institution whose objective is to interpret and apply the American Convention.

The tribunal "exercises a contentious function, in which it resolves contentious cases and supervises judgments; an advisory function; and a function wherein it can order provisional measures.”

Twenty States have recognized the tribunal’s jurisdiction, including Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Uruguay.

The IACHR was set to rule on Vicky’s case.

If successful, it would be the first time that an international tribunal holds a state accountable for attack and murdered members of our community.

This trial had many people watching as it could also have ramifications for other countries in the area like Mexico, Brazil, or Colombia, who all share this tribunal's jurisdiction.

This case had the potential to set new rules and regulations for Honduras and neighboring countries to protect LGBTQ people’s rights.

It would also have implications for other cases of attack against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in South America that are currently pending before this tribunal.

The Verdict: A Watershed Moment

The IACHR ruled that the Honduran government handles the murder of Vicky Hernández. It will have to provide reparations for her family.

The tribunal has also ordered Honduras:

  • to set up a scholarship fund for transgender women in Vicky’s name
  • to continue its investigation on Vicky’s case. The court uncovered “several indications of the participation of state agents”.
  • to offer training to security forces about diversity
  • to track violence against LGBTQ+ people. The court found “a context of violence against LGBTQ people” and “a context of impunity”.
  • to protect LGBTQ+ people against violence and discrimination with new measures

A Landmark Ruling

The ruling is the first of its kind in Latin America and sets an important precedent for other countries.

“It’s so significant that there will always be this memory of her,” said Vicky’s mother Rosa in an interview with the New York Times. “We are always going to remember that she was the one that created a before and after.”

The Fight Is Not Over For Honduras LGBT People and LGBT rights

The next challenge now is ensuring Honduras complies with this landmark decision.

“It’s the first stage of the process that has been won,” said Angelita Baeyens, director of litigation and advocacy at Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights, a Washington-based non-profit organization that assisted Cattrachas, the Honduran LGTBQ+ advocacy organization that brought the case to court.

“The fight is not over.”


The IACHR ruled that the Honduran government violated human rights by not protecting trans women and LGBTQ+ people as a whole. The ruling is an important victory for LGBTQ+ activists across Latin America fighting against impunity, violence, and discrimination linked to state security forces and the government. As it is not yet clear how or when this decision will be enacted, campaigners are urging international communities to continue supporting them in their efforts until justice has been served.

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Thursday, 30 June 2022