It's a beautiful time for love and equality in Mexico, as Guerrero and Tamaulipas have joined other states in legalizing same-sex marriage. This marks a huge milestone for LGBTQ+ rights in the country, as same-sex marriage is now legal throughout the whole country. While discrimination, unfortunately, continues to exist, we must take moments like this to celebrate monumental victories like these. So let's raise our glasses, rejoice in this triumph, and continue fighting for equal rights everywhere. Happy Pride!
Historic Victory For LGBTQ+ Rights In Mexico
Over the past few months, Mexico has made major strides in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights. In late October, marriage equality was passed in the last two holdout states, making it legal throughout the entire country. This is an incredible victory for advocates who have fought tirelessly for recognition and equality.
Guerrero Becomes The Second Last Mexican State To Legalize Same-Sex Marriages
Thus, on October 25, 2022, the Congress of the state of Guerrero, in southwestern Mexico, approved a law legalizing same-sex marriage, becoming the 31st federal entity in the country to do so. The vote was 38 for, 6 against, and 2 abstentions.
Congresswoman Yoloczin Domínguez Serna de Morena's statement, affirming the opposition of Congress to any form of discrimination, is significant progress in the fight for equal rights for all people.
Ricardo Locia, a gay activist, applauded the state legislature's decision, saying that it was paying a "historical debt" to same-sex couples who have been discriminated against because of their sexual orientation or gender identity in recent years.
Tamaulipas Becomes The Last Mexican State To Legalize Same-Sex Marriages
The next day, the northern Mexican state of Tamaulipas became the 32nd and last state to legalize same-sex marriage. The vote among legislators was decisive, with a 23-36 majority in favor of equal rights.
Local Member of Parliament Nancy Ruíz Martínez has long been a champion for equal rights and protections for the LGBTQ+ community. In her presentation to the State Congress, she emphasized that passing her bill to legalize marriage equality in Tamaulipas would put an end to one form of discrimination faced by LGBTQ+ people.
"We must make it clear that in Tamaulipas, we legislate in favor of everyone, without any doubt excluding any sector of our society," she said. "To vote against the bill that I am pleased to present, besides going against the essence for which this Congress has been constituted, would be an attack against human rights."
Guerrero and Tamaulipas are the seventh and eighth Mexican states to legalize same-sex marriage this year, after Durango, Jalisco, Yucatán
, Veracruz, the State of Mexico, and Tabasco.
Several other states, including Guanajuato, Querétaro
, Sonora, and Zacatecas, have also approved marriage equality in 2021.
Historic Supreme Court Ruling Changes The Future Of Marriage In Mexico
In June 2015, the Mexican Supreme Court issued a ruling that declared the same-sex marriage ban to be unconstitutional. This ruling marked a change in the movement for marriage equality, as it allowed individuals to sue their state for an injunction (or Amparo) to get a marriage license if their legislators would not change the law.
LGBTQ+ Rights Under The Lopez Obrador Administration
In addition, since 2018, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and his party, the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), have taken office and made several significant legislative advances on LGBTQ+ issues.
The party passed bills on hate crimes and gender recognition. It also introduced a bill to ban "conversion therapies." This bill is still pending a vote.
The legalization of marriage for same-sex couples in all Mexican states is positive news for LGBTQ+ people throughout Mexico, who will now be able to marry regardless of the state in which they live.
"It's quite complicated," says Ninde Molre, advocacy director of the LGBTQ+ activist group México Igualitario (Equal Mexico). "Finally, we are going to be citizens in all the country, and we won't have to move to other towns and cities to have the right to marry. But we still have a long journey to all our rights."
LGBTQ+ rights activists in Mexico say there is still a lot of work to be done as members of the MORENA party from evangelical Christian groups and radical anti-transgender feminist groups, for example, have advocated for policies that would roll back some gains made in recent years.
Activists have also raised the alarm about the deteriorating conditions of life for LGBTQ+ people. They say that the reforms to the judicial system initiated by President Lopez Obrador have put the community in increased danger by militarizing the police and civil service. These activists believe these changes will only lead to more violence and abuse against LGBTQ+ people, with little recourse or protection from the law.
Last year, the BBC reported Mexico was the second most dangerous country in the world for transgender people. Violence and discrimination against LGBTQ+ people remain endemic in Mexico, and there is still much to be done to ensure safety and equality for all.